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Excerpt from The Conditions of Female Labour in Ontario
In this paper some attempt will be made to discuss the conditions under which women are working in the Province of Ontario; referring, perhaps, more particularly to the city of Toronto, which has afforded the most convenient field for Observation.
When Harriet Martineau visited America in 1840, she relates that she found, only seven employments open to women namely, teaching, needlework, keeping boarders, working in cotton mills, type-setting, work in book-binderies and household service. Although women still retain their positions in these employments, they have vastly extended the number of their vocations. Accord ing to the latest census returns in the United States, women have now secured a footing in different branches of various industries. While Ontario can not boast of such large numbers, the various callings entered by women in this Province are rapidly increasing in number. In some cases the establishment of new industries, especially within the last fifteen years, has led to their further employment. In others they bax e entered fields hitherto, for the most part, occupied by men. New employments are continually opening up with advancing civilization, which require but slight experience and seem adapted for women.
There are various reasons why women are ready for the numerous occupa tions which are continually offering themselves. In a large number of instances, circumstances 'make it a matter of necessity for them to earn their living. Often; a desire to live up to a certain standard of comfort will lead girls, for a short. Time at least, to go into employments in which, while living at home, they can partially support themselves, or at least supply themselves with pin-money. Again, the social conditions of life in Canada are such that women find it neces sary to prepare themselves for emergencies: they often begin to learn some occupation so as to be prepared for future risks, and then their circumstances change and the occupation becomes a permanent one.
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bound: 38 pages
publisher: Forgotten Books (May 15, 2017)
isbn: 1334695423, 978-1334695421,
weight: 2.4 ounces (